EMF|p4

RESEARCH -1-

on the health effects of man-made electromagnetic frequencies

Understanding how living creatures are affected by manmade electromagnetic frequencies requires an understanding of biological processes that is as yet foreign to some scientists who still believe that biological processes are just chemical processes, when in fact our biochemical processes all involve electromagnetism. Each cell of living biological tissue is surrounded by a conductive medium containing charged particles that are free to change their position relative to the cell when exposed to outside electromagnetic influences. Within, cells contain numerous molecules, which also have electrical properties and are highly responsive to electrical stimuli. This natural arrangement results in the ability of living tissue to amplify or dampen the effects of external oscillating electromagnetic frequencies. ….Exogenous RF/MW fields can induce in the body electrical fields that are orders of magnitude higher than a body’s own natural endogenous fields.

The studies mentioned here are just a few of thousands showing the detrimental effects of manmade electromagnetic radiation on humans and other species of living beings.

In 1981, Dr. Adey reported that “there is unequivocal experimental evidence that fields from ELF to UHF (10 Hz to 450 MHz) interact directly with brain tissue”. Adey WR, 1981. “Tissue interactions with non-ionizing electromagnetic fields”. Physiological Reviews 61

In 1987, Dr. Henry Lai and his team at the University of Washington speculated that biological responses are in effect stress responses. They found the effects of MW EMF similar to those of two known stressors: loud noise and body restraint. (Lai H Horita A Chou CK and Guy AW, 1987. “A review of microwave irradiation and actions of psychoactive drugs”. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, March 1987)

In 1989 Dr. Reba Goodman and her team at Columbia University observed the synthesis of proteins called heat shock or stress proteins following exposure to EMFs. Stress proteins are formed as a result of exposure to stressors, including heat shock, ionizing radiation, infections, chemical toxins, etcetera.

Lindstrom et al. replicated and extended the research of other scientists and showed, that oscillating low level EMFs produce the same calcium ion reaction as does an antibody. (Lindstrom et al, 1995. “Intracellular calcium oscillations in a T-cell line after exposure to extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields with variable frequencies and flux densities”. Bioelectromagnetics 16)

In 1998 it was shown that 60 Hz EMFs trigger a cascade of enzyme-driven cell-signaling events that could result in cancer. (Uckun F et al, 1998. “Stimulation of Src family protein-tyrosine kinases as a proximal and mandatory step for SYK kinase-dependent phospholipase Cy2 activation in lymphoma B cells exposed to low energy electromagnetic fields”. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 273, No. 7: 4035-4039)

Dr. Joan Farrell of the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C has discovered that ELF fields induce an electric field in body tissue that may become amplified by orders of magnitude relative to the exogenous field. This signal enhancement mechanism offers some understanding regarding how ELF fields induce biological effects.

EMF exposure can alter heart rhythms and may lead to elevated cardiac risks, according to Dr. Antonio Sastre of the Midwest Research Institute in Kansas City, MO, as reported in Microwave News.

“A living body has special electromagnetic sensitivities precisely because of its aliveness. ….The possibility of a non-thermal influence arises because a living system itself supports a variety of oscillatory electrical/ biochemical activities, each characterized by a specific frequency, some of which happen to be close to those found in the [RF/MW] signals – a coincidence that makes these bioactivities potentially vulnerable to being interfered with in various (non-thermal) ways.

Unlike the heating effect of exposure to microwaves, which can, if excessive, cause actual material damage, non-thermal influences act in a more subtle way, via their potentiality to interfere with biological functionality – in particular….with that of bioprocesses which are intended to afford (natural) protection against adverse health effects of various kinds.” ( “How Exposure to GSM & TETRA Base-station Radiation can Adversely Affect Humans”, by G J Hyland, Associate Fellow Executive Member, Department of Physics, International Institute of Biophysics, University of Warwick, UK Neuss-Holzheim, Germany.

THE REFLEX PROJECT (Risk Evaluation of Potential Environmental Hazards from Low Energy Electromagnetic Field Exposure Using Sensitive in vitro Methods), was a 3-year joint research project set up to investigate the effects of low-levels of RF radiation on cellular systems; cost of approximately $3 million. The work was carried out by 12 research groups in seven European countries. 1800 in vitro experiments were performed. Yet again it was shown RF radiation could increase the number of DNA breaks in exposed cells and could also activate a stress response – the production of heat shock proteins. It was clear chromosome damage could be seen in the cell exposed to mobile phone radiation over 24 hours exposure.

[ You can see an actual image of the cell damage on Dr Gerd Oberfeld’s Westminster Presentation on http://www.radiationresearch.org If you don’t see it there, I can e-mail you the file. —Shivani ]

In 1994, Henry Lai and Narendra Singh from the University of Washington found that two hours of radiation at levels considered safe by government damaged rat-brain DNA….

In 1996 Lai & Singh showed single and double DNA strand breaks in brain cells of rats exposed to 2.45GHz SARs of 1.2 W/Kg (comparable with levels in the heads of mobile phone users).

[page 5]